What is ISO?

  • ISO is derived from the Greek “isos” meaning equal, and the members of ISO represent national standards organizations from 162 countries.
  • ISO is an independent, non-governmental membership organization.
  • ISO does not have the power to enforce laws or regulations, and it is not a governing body.
  • It stands for International Organization for Standardization.
  • It works with institutes and companies from all around the world and help to develop product and technology standards.
  • The main objective of ISO is to provide trade, as well as focus is on safety, process improvement, and quality in various areas.
  • Its guidelines are followed by businesses across the world to provide efficient, streamlined, and safe processes.
  • It helps standardize and offers ways to work globally and makes sure products are compatible and safe for the consumer.
  • The standard also works to safeguard consumers of products and services.
  • There are 163 standards bodies that are members of ISO, and each country has one ISO representative.
  • The first standard, ISO 9660, was for CD-ROM media.
  • The ISO guidelines mostly go with a number, like ISO 9001, ISO 27000, ISO 31000, etc. These are certifications:
  • A company can be certified by ISO 9001, which means it follows the structure outlined and steps by the guideline.

About ISO

  • In 1947, an ISO was founded.
  • It was covering nearly all points surrounding business and technology.
  • From some 140 countries, the ISO is a worldwide alliance of national standards bodies.
  • In 1951, ISO/R, the first standard was published; standard reference temperature for industrial length measurements.
  • Later in 1952, the first ISO Journal was published.
  • In 1987, with the ISO 9000 family, ISO published its first quality management standards.
  • ISO went digital with its first website in 1995.
  • In 1996, the standard ISO 14001 was launched by ISO, which was an environmental management system standard.
  • It offers tools to control and identify their environmental effect.

How it works?

  • It is a voluntary organization.
  • They meet once in a year to discuss the strategic objectives of ISO at the General Assembly.
  • In Geneva, the central secretariat coordinates this organization.
  • Its guidance and governance, including setting the annual budget of the central secretariat, are provided by a council with a rotating membership of 20 member bodies.
  • Additionally, more than 250 members develop the ISO standards, and the technical management board is responsible for these members.
  • To create a new standard, Standardization’s process starts when a request come from consumer groups or industry associations.
  • ISO, then brings industry stakeholders and subject matter experts, they build a technical committee.
  • Through two rounds of creating a draft standard, the committee passes and conducts a formal vote on the FDIS (Final Draft International Standard).
  • Then ISO publishes it as an official international standard if the FDIS is approved.

Various Popular standards

  • Open Systems Interconnection (OSI): In 1983, this universal reference model developed for communication protocols by computer manufacturers and telecommunications providers. Later, it was adopted by ISO as a standard.
  • ISO 27001: For developing and implementing information security policies and processes, this ISO standard provides a six-step process.
  • ISO 17799: It is a security management standard that specifies over 100 best procedures for the business asset, access control, continuity, etc.
  • ISO 20000: For IT (Information technology), this ISO standard creates a technical specification and codifies best practices.
  • ISO 31000: This risk management framework offers guidelines for any person, business, or agency, and standardizes the definition of risk and associated terms.
  • ISO 12207: It is capable of creating a consistent lifecycle management process for all software.

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